General view of Sirince village. Izmir, Turkey. 2003.

General view of Sirince village. Izmir, Turkey. 2003.

 
General view of Sirince village. Izmir, Turkey. 2003. Sirince with its historical unique architecture is a well protected village, 8 km from Selçuk district of İzmir Province in Turkey. The first settlement of the village now known as Sirince probably occurred after the collapse of Ephesus, when a small group of people left the city and moved to the mountains.Monastery ruins in the area small, relatively unimpressive structures date back to the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries.Old maps show the village's name variously as Kyrkindje, Kirkindsche, Kirkidje, Kirkica, Kirkinca which may date from these monastic settlements but the village is more well-known name before Sirince was actually Çirkince. The origin of this name is not known for certain, but it is rumored that it was chosen more than 600 years ago to conceal the village's existence and attractiveness from people who lived in the valley below. The oldest international travel reports of the village date back to Edmund D. Chishull, who toured Anatolia between September 1698 and February 1702. In his book Turkey Travels and Return to England he writes about leaving Tire on April 30, 1699, bound for Ephesus.Settlement Sirince once had 1,800 houses; today only about 200 are standing, mostly on the village's southern and western slopes. If you climb away from the village to the east, then look back over the southern slope, you can recognize where its houses used to stand. But many of the farmhouses, monasteries, and churches in and around Sirince have disappeared. There were once two olive presses in the village: one at the far east end and another in the far north end, where the elementary school is also situated. The current schoolhouse and the former one, now a restaurant, are landmarks that provide wonderful views of the village and its setting. The Exchange of Turkish and Greek Populations Treaty was signed as part of the Treaty of Lausanne. It went into effect on November 30, 1923. Under its terms, all Turkish people living in Greece and Greek people living in Turkey were to be exchanged. The immigrants from the Thessaloniki area came by ship to Izmir and some were settled in Sirince.
 
 
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General view of Sirince village. Izmir, Turkey. 2003. Sirince with its historical unique architecture is a well protected village, 8 km from Selçuk district of İzmir Province in Turkey.

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